Dengue is a disease caused by a virus that is transmitted by mosquitoes. The virus can cause severe flu-like symptoms, including high fever, severe headache, muscle and joint pain, and pain behind the eyes. Dengue can also lead to severe bleeding and even death.
There are four types of dengue virus, and all four can cause illness. The most severe form of the disease, dengue hemorrhagic fever, can be fatal.
Dengue is most common in tropical and subtropical areas of the world, including parts of Africa, the Caribbean, Central and South America, Southeast Asia, and the Western Pacific.
There is no vaccine or specific treatment for dengue, so preventing mosquito bites is the best way to avoid the disease.
- There are a number of risk factors for dengue, including:
- Living or traveling in an area where dengue is common
- Being bitten by a mosquito that is infected with the dengue virus
- Having a weakened immune system
- Having certain medical conditions, such as thalassemia (a blood disorder) or sickle cell disease (a genetic disorder that affects red blood cells)
- Being pregnant
- Being of African or Asian descent
- Being under the age of 15 or over the age of 40
If you are living in or traveling to an area where dengue is common, take steps to prevent mosquito bites, such as using insect repellent, wearing long-sleeved shirts and pants, and staying in air-conditioned or well-screened buildings. If you think you might have dengue, see a doctor immediately. Early diagnosis and treatment can help to prevent serious complications.
How can you prevent dengue?
Dengue is a viral infection that is transmitted by mosquitoes. It can cause severe flu-like symptoms, and in some cases, it can lead to death. There is no specific cure for dengue, and treatment focuses on relieving symptoms and supporting the body through the illness.
The best way to prevent dengue is to avoid being bitten by mosquitoes. This can be done by using mosquito nets and repellents, and by wearing long-sleeved clothing. It is also important to get rid of standing water around the home, as this is where mosquitoes lay their eggs.
If you live in an area where dengue is common, it is important to be aware of the symptoms and to seek medical help if you think you may have contracted the virus. Early diagnosis and treatment can make a big difference in the severity of the illness.